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SARAJEVO

Sarajevo is the capital and largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sarajevo has attracted international attention several times throughout its history. In 1914, it was the site of the assassination that sparked World War I, while seventy years later it became the host city of the 1984 Winter Olympics, and eight years after that it became known as the location of the longest city siege in modern history. The city is famous for its traditional religious diversity, with adherents of Islam, Eastern Orthodoxy, Catholicism, and Judaism coexisting together, Sarajevo has often been called the "Jerusalem of Europe."

MOSTAR

The city of Mostar is situated in a beautiful valley embedded between the high mountains of Herzegovina. It is thanks to the river Neretva that Mostar was able to develop as a city in the desert-like landscape of Herzegovina. The Neretva's size turned Mostar into a trading center for the region. What makes this city well-known is its famous bridge. The Old Bridge was built by the Ottoman Empire in 1565. It was the great architect Mimar Hajrudin who succeeded in an impossible mission to cross the Neretva River with a single span stone bridge. Mostar got its name after that same Bridge, or more precisely after the bridge keepers. They used to guard the bridge and were called "Mostari"; thus the city name.

TUZLA

Situated on the southeast slopes of the Majevica Mountain, the city of Tuzla occupies the central area of northeast Bosnia. The settlement of Tuzla has always been closely tied to its salt resources. The oldest written records, left behind by the Greeks, prove that even they were aware of the region's salt. Tuzla received its name much later. The present-day name is derived from the Turkish word Tuz, meaning "salt". The first Ottoman document recording the exploitation of Tuzla's saltwater springs dates back to 1548.

BANJA LUKA

This beautiful town is surrounded by rolling green hills. It is split in two by the Vrbas, a very rough river that, just a short distance from Banja Luka, suddenly loses its waterfalls and cascades, and flows gently into town. Banja Luka is the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina and by far the largest city in the northwest. When the Roman Empire collapsed, the Slavs took over. Once the Ottomans finally controlled the town, they gave it a distinct oriental flavor. In the course of the Ottoman centuries, Banja Luka was destroyed repeatedly by Ottoman-Austrian warfare (as well as earthquakes and plagues) until eventually the Austro-Hungarian Empire absorbed Banja Luka peacefully in the 19th century. They rapidly modernized the town, building factories and connecting it to Vienna and other capital cities. The town expanded tremendously in the 20th century.

For more tourist information, please visit the official site of the Tourism Association of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:

BH Tourism