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The traditional understanding of security was exclusively related to military and political fields. Changes at the global level that have contributed to the field of security have added a number of other areas such as social, energy and ecological security. In this area, an environmentally clean surrounding is an important resource of the state, and as such represents the basis for further development of the state and the population (clean air, drinking water, fertile land, forests, ...). In the era of globalization, environmental security can be viewed as a major factor of safety or insecurity. This observation can be explained because certain conflicts start primarily because of wanting to master certain territories rich in natural resources.

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In the sphere of environmental security, NISC focuses its research in the context of conflict prevention, building trust and emphasizing the consequences which conflict leaves on the environment.