- DISCOVER AUBIH
The best way to take advantage of all the AUBiH community offers is to get fully involved. Represent your peers in a very active student government that has a real voice in the decisions made at AUBiH. Join one or more clubs and organizations that represent the dizzying array of social, political and cultural interests on campus. Compete on one or more of AUBiH's athletic teams.
It is always a challenge moving to another city or country, all while pursuing a rigorous course of study. AUBiH offers a number of student resources and services to ensure that you meet that challenge successfully.
Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with 608,000 people living in the city's four municipalities. Sarajevo has attracted international attention several times throughout its history. In 1914 it was the site of the assassination that sparked World War I, while seventy years later it became the host city of the 1984 Winter Olympics and eight years after that, it became known as the location of the longest city siege in modern history. The city is famous for its traditional religious diversity, with adherents of Islam, Eastern Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Judaism coexisting together for centuries. Due to its long and rich history of religious diversity and coexistence, Sarajevo has often being called the "Jerusalem of Europe".
Historical facts about Tuzla, one of the oldest settlements in the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, dates back to 950, the time of Byzantine Emperor Porphyrogenitus. The ancestors of the present inhabitants of Tuzla named the settlement Soli and it became an integral part of the medieval Bosnian state. The county of Soli kept its existence within the medieval Bosnian state untill 1463, when it was occupied by the Turks who named this town Tuzla (Turkish word Tuz meaning "salt"). Also, the name of "Donja Tuzla" was changed to Tuzla, by Austro-Hungarian authorities in 1910 and the city has kept this name. Even the small river Jala, which runs through the city, according to linguists, owes its name to a Greek word jalos, meaning "salt". Later on, this settlement was named Salines since this county was ruled by Romans as well.
Contemporary Tuzla covers an area of 30,235 km2, settled just underneath the Majevica mountain range in the central part of northeastern Bosnia.
This area is one of the most developed regions in the Balkans. It represents an administrative, industrial, cultural and educational center of the wider region, being one of pillars of the present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina by its overall characteristics. The city has over 150,000 inhabitants coming from more than twenty different nationalities.
ABOUT BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a long name for a country that measures just over 50,000 km2. The country is blessed with a beautiful natural environment which is a combination of alpine and Mediterranean climates. Historically, BiH has been at the crossroads of the East and West and it is visible in the country's architecture and cultural heritage.
Much of Bosnian social life centers around coffee. There are more cafes per capita in Sarajevo than in any other European city. See a friend on the street, have a coffee. Need to conduct a business meeting, do it over coffee. Want a break from grocery shopping, have a seat at the coffee shop in front of aisles 9 and 10. The traditional coffee is "bosanska kafa"; similar to what is commonly known as Turkish coffee. Espresso and white coffee are also served in towns and cities. Drinking tea is also a local tradition, although herbal teas are preferred. They are often organic, coming straight from the forest.
Bosnia and Herzegovina's cuisine is balanced between Western and Eastern influences. It tends to be rich and relies heavily on dairy products and meat, particularly beef, lamb and pork, which is often grilled or barbecued. People usually shop for ingredients daily. Meat is always well-prepared and often organic. In towns and cities, a wide variety of quality restaurants can be found serving mainly Italian, Mediterranean, Viennese and traditional cuisine. In addition to the typical beverages of beer and wine, people in Bosnia and Herzegovina also like homemade brandy called "rakija" which comes in several flavors, like grape and plum. The wine-making tradition of Herzegovina goes back to Roman times and as for price and quality, the savory reds and dry whites of Herzegovina easily take their deserved place in the world wine market.
The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, is wellknown for its wonderful nightlife. The opportunities for nightlife activities in Sarajevo are plenty and range from entertainment in cinemas and clubs to opera and theater performances. You can also find frequent festivals arranged in the city, showcasing local popular interests such as jazz and film. The city has hundreds of cafe/bars, some with live music, others with DJ's, rock music with a lovely one in the middle of the Turkish quarter which has a huge aviary as its centerpiece. Stroll around and discover some new places for yourself!
THE CURRENT POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SITUATION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
The recent history of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is characterized by a devastating three-year war that followed its declaration of independence from former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. With the end of the war and the implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, two separate entities were established: the Federation of BiH and Republika Srpska. Both entities, (the Federation of BiH which is subdivided into ten cantons and Republika Srpska) have their own governments, including their own president, government and parliament. On top of these two entities, a multi-ethnic, joint government was created. The presidency of the state government rotates between the three ethnical groups. Besides the two entities, the district of Brčko constitutes a neutral area under the joint authority of the Bosniak, Bosnian Croat and Serb communities.
Young people throughout BiH and the Balkan region share many similar interests but unfortunately have too few opportunities to meet and work together. Students in BiH are generally open-minded, focused on their personal relationships, interested in popular culture and comparable to youth in any major European country.